In an op-ed article for the New York Times on Monday, a day before a scheduled meeting between Turkish officials and US NSA John Bolton, Erdogan expressed Turkey’s commitment to defeating the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) group and “other terrorist groups” in Syria.
“President Trump made the right call to withdraw from Syria. The United States withdrawal, however, must be planned carefully and performed in cooperation with the right partners to protect the interests of the United States, the international community and the Syrian people,” Erdogan wrote.
“Turkey, which has NATO’s second largest standing army, is the only country with the power and commitment to perform that task.”
In a surprise declaration, Trump on December 19 said that ISIL had been defeated in Syria and announced the withdrawal of 2,000 troops from the country.
Syria pullout tied to Kurd protection, ISIL defeat (4:54)
The move left many questions open and appeared to signal a rapid withdrawal from Syria, alarming some allies such as France and Britain who warned that ISIL had not been defeated. It also heightened expectations that Turkey could launch a military operation targeting the People’s Protection Units (YPG), which has spearheaded the US-allied Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in the fight against ISIL.
In recent days, Trump administration officials have made it clear that the troop withdrawal from northeastern Syria will not happen quickly.
And on Monday, Trump in an apparent reversal said the fight against ISIL was not over and that withdrawal would be done in a “prudent” manner.
“We will be leaving at a proper pace while at the same time continuing to fight ISIS and doing all else that is prudent and necessary!” Trump wrote on Twitter.
Bolton also said the pullout would take place in a manner that “absolutely assured” the security of Israel and other regional allies.
On Monday, he arrived in Turkey from Israel in a bid to hammer out a deal for Washington’s Kurdish allies.
“We don’t think the Turks ought to undertake military action that’s not fully coordinated with and agreed to by the United States,” Bolton told reporters in Jerusalem on Sunday.
The US alliance with the YPG, which it has helped arm and train, has been one of the main stumbling blocks in relations with Ankara because of the group’s ties to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). Since 1984, the PKK has waged a war against Turkey that has led to more than 40,000 deaths.
Ankara regards both Kurdish groups as “terrorist” organisations.
‘Direct channel to Trump’
Hillary Mann Leverett, a former US diplomat, said Erdogan in his op-ed is “speaking directly” to his US counterpart.
“He needs to do so because Bolton, who has been in Israel, is now going to Turkey and we know that Bolton has a very different view of Turkey, of Syria, of Israel than President Erdogan – and even President Trump,” she told Al Jazeera.
“So Erdogan is trying to continue building on his direct channel to President Trump through his phone calls, through an op-ed on the New York Times, a newspaper that Donald Trump reads. His audience is the one and only, President Trump.”
In his op-ed, Erdogan also warned that the international community should avoid making the same mistakes in Syria as in Iraq.
“The lesson of Iraq, where this terrorist group (ISIL) was born, is that premature declarations of victory and the reckless actions they tend to spur create more problems than they solve,” he wrote.
“The first step is to create a stabilisation force featuring fighters from all parts of Syrian society. Only a diverse body can serve all Syrian citizens and bring law and order to various parts of the country.”
Mann Leverett said Erdogan is trying to present Turkey “as the credible partner for the US in Syria” and the wider region.
“The US may have wanted to work more closely with Russia when Trump was first elected but the US policy towards Russia has all but collapsed under the weight of the domestic investigation [into alleged election meddling] here, and Trump cannot work with Iran because he’s boxed himself in so much with Iran, the other key player in Syria,” she said, referring to the two major backers of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
“So really Turkey is the only player and Turkey under Erdogan is trying to present itself as a player that the US can work with, as a major NATO ally and an important country.”